30 June 2019

What is Jal Shakti Abhiyan? Its Concept and Key Features?

Concept and Key Features

ØJal Shakti Abhiyan to focus on rainwater harvesting
ØConservation efforts in 255 water-stressed districts from July.
ØWater is a State issue though.
ØThe campaign would be coordinated by 255 central IAS officers.
ØTo follow the model of last year’s Gram Swaraj Abhiyan.
ØFrom July 1 to September 15 in States receiving rainfall during the SW monsoon,
ØFrom October 1 to November 30 where rain comes from NE monsoon.
ØOverall, 313 blocks with critical groundwater levels would be covered
Ø 1,186 blocks with over-exploited groundwater
Ø94 blocks with low groundwater availability.

Detailed Video

Action Plan

The Jal Shakti Abhiyan would aim to accelerate water harvesting.
Conservation and borewell recharge activities.
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme of the Rural Development Ministry.
Existing water body restoration and afforestation schemes.
Progress would be monitored in real time through mobile applications.
Online monitoring through dashboard on www.indiawater.gov.in
Block and district-level water conservation plans would be drafted.
Kisan Vigyan Kendras would hold melas to promote better crop choices and efficient water use for irrigation.
A major communications campaign on TV, radio, print, local and social media .
Teams led by 255 Joint Secretary and Additional Secretary-rank officers and 550 Deputy Secretary-level
At least three trips of three days each to cover their allocated districts and blocks.
State- and district-level officials would also join these teams on the ground.
NGOs and other self help groups will also join this action plan.

Detailed Powerpoint Presentation

What is Concept of "One Nation , One Ration Card" in PDS?. Will it be successful?

News Article Reported by The Hindu - 29 Jun 2019

Watch detailed analysis in below video

One Nation One Ration Card’ scheme, which will allow portability of food security benefits, will be available across the country from July 1, 2020. This means poor migrant workers will be able to buy subsidized rice and wheat from any ration shop in the country, so long as their ration cards are linked to Aadhaar.

All the States have been given one more year to use point of sale (PoS) machines in the ration shops and implement the scheme, Food Minister Ram Vilas Paswan told journalists on Saturday. Already, 77% % of the ration shops across the country have PoS machines and more than 85% of people covered under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) have their cards linked to Aadhaar, he said.

While Aadhaar linkage is not necessary to access NFSA benefits in a beneficiary’s local registered ration shop, located closest to her home address, it will be necessary to access the portability scheme, according to senior Food Ministry officials. 

Ten States -- Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Telangana, and Tripura – already offer this portability, pointed out Mr. Paswan. Delhi had also begun implementing portability, though it was later stopped for technical reasons. The other States, including Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab and Tamil Nadu, could easily implement the scheme, as they had PoS machines in all the ration shops.

“This scheme will ensure that no poor person is deprived of subsidized grains,” said the Minister. “We have written to all State governments to fast track its implementation, so that the whole country is ready to implement ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ latest by June 30, 2020.”

A senior Ministry official clarified that migrants would only be eligible for the subsidies supported by the Centre, which include rice sold at Rs. 3/kg and wheat at Rs. 2/kg. Even if a beneficiary moved to a State where grains were given for free, that person would not be able to access those benefits, as they were funded by the State exchequer.

Fortified grains

In a bid to reduce nutrition deficiencies among beneficiaries, the Centre would roll out a pilot project in 15 districts to fortify rice grains with iron, folic acid, Vitamin A and Vitamin B12. The first fortified grains would be available in ration shops from this November.

The State governments have also been given a six-month deadline to bring the operations of their depots and warehouses online, said Mr. Paswan. Ultimately, it would be possible to monitor the entire network of state-owned grain storage facilities, including Central warehouses that were already computerized, using an integrated dashboard. 

Detailed Presentation can be found at

One Nation One Election

29 June 2019

G20 Countries - Interesting and Hidden Facts

üThe G20 is a forum to discuss policies around international financial stability.
üOriginally formed in 1999.
üGroup of nations with the most advanced economies in the world.
üMake up about 85% of global GDP.
üAppx 75% of global trade.
üAppx 65% World’s total population.
üMake up Appx half of the earth’s total land area.
üThe presidency of the forum rotates every year.
üThe president has the responsibility of putting together the G20’s agenda.

For More details watch below video

Detailed Presentation can be found at

Risk Management - An Over View - Project Management Approach.

 Risk Management Overview

Risk Management is about anticipating risks and having a plan in place that will resolve it when it occurs. Risk management saves time, money and efforts. It reduces unnecessary stress on the project team. Risk management helps prevent many problems and helps make other problems less likely. Risk Management activities are integral to a project manager's daily work. Through risk management, the project changes from being in control of the project manager to the project manager being in control of the project.

Risk Management

Risk management includes risk management planning, risk identification, the qualitative and quantitative analysis of risks, risk response planning, monitoring and controlling the risk responses. Risk management helps in increasing the possibility of positive events on the project and effectively reduces the possibility of negative events on the project.

Detailed Over With Explanation

If you are interested in HINDI. Watch below video

Threats And Opportunities
Threats are events when occurred can negatively impact the project, whereas opportunities are events when occurred can positively impact the project.
Up to 90% of threats identified and investigated in risk management process can be eliminated.
Lack of knowledge about an event that may occur and reduce confidence in the conclusions drawn from the data is termed as uncertainty.
Risk Factors
Risks can have various factors such as:
  • How likely is the probability that the risk event will occur?
  • The impact of the risk
  • When will the risk occur during the course of this project?
  • How many times will this risk occur?
Risk Averse
These are measurable risk thresholds (an acceptable level of risk) related to each project objective. This helps to determine overall project risk exposure.
Stakeholder Risk Appetite
The degree or level of risk that is acceptable is known as Risk Tolerance. The specific point where risk becomes unacceptable is known as Risk Thresholds.
Risk Management Process
In processes where risk management is effectively carried out, we see:
  • Risk response planning is very robust. Hence, even if risks occur, they are eliminated.
  • An agenda is set to discuss risk items in every meeting.
  • There is always a plan to deal with any risk events.
  • This results in getting additional time for the project manager to perform other critical activities related to his project.

Risk Management

28 June 2019

One Nation, One Election - Is it Feasible in India? Pros and Cons (Details analysis)

One Nation One Election - Burning Hot Topic - Detailed Analysis

Watch the video for detailed analysis (Hindi)

In India 'One nation One election' means conducting elections for Loksabha, Vidhan Sabha and Local bodies elections at the same time. In India, at the time of Loksabha elections, some states will have their Vidhan Sabha elections but the majority of states will have Vidhan Sabha elections at different periods.

There are pros and cons for 'One nation One election' concept.


Taking present honorable Prime minister Mr. Narendra Modi into account, whenever there were elections in Gujarat, UP, Karnataka and in some other states, he was labeled as Star Campaigner for BJP. He almost campaigned in every state. This wasted so much valuable time. If 'One nation One election' is implemented then we can reduce this campaigning time.
Implementing this concept will reduce the consumption of money, petrol, etc. For example, in Karnataka Vidhan Sabha elections takes place 4 years later to Loksabha elections. Politicians should campaign for both these elections consuming so much manpower, time, fuel for vehicles, etc.
For elections Government employees like teachers, etc will conduct election works. If two elections take place at different times, their valuable time and energy will be wasted. It will be wasted in case of Government teachers.
Beyond these there are so many pros will be followed by implementing this concept.


This will be a bit sarcastic. In India usually, politicians meet the people at the time of elections only. If this system is implemented people will have only one chance to meet the politicians for every 5 years. Today people have Loksabha, Vidhan Sabha, Municipal, etc elections to meet Politicians. This scrutinizes the accountability of the politicians.
The concerns become worst when Loksabha is dissolved at any time. This poses questions such as. Is it required to dissolve all state assemblies if Loksabha was dissolved?
If this system is enforced in upcoming 2019 elections then it will be a huge problem in many states like Karnataka, Gujarat, U.P, etc. Karnataka Vidhan Sabha elections were held in 2018 if they conduct Vidhan Sabha elections in 2019 then the ruling party will not be comfortable with this.
Enforcing this concept is a challenging one.

PowerPoint Presentation

PowerPoint Presentation

26 June 2019

[ GI Tag ] - Detailed Analysis. What Geographical Indication (GI ) Tag -...

1. What is GI Tag

2. When the GI Act came into force?

3. What are the goods in GI Tag list?

4. Who issues GI Tag?

5. What is the process of getting GI Tag?

6. What are advantages of GI tag?

[ Analysis ] - Pearl Farming - Future Prospect in Indian Context

1. Are you preparing for Competitive examination?

2. Are you looking for Job opportunities?

3. Are you looking to be your own boss?

4. Do you love nature?

5. Are you interested in Agri-Business

Then this video is for you.

Video Language (Hindi)

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